The effective and sustained engagement of stakeholders requires their active involvement in the implementation process at every stage in such a way that decisions are derived through a bottom up approach that emphasizes transparency and accountability [1].

The IRES model

Franke and Guidero (2012) describe in detail the processes involved in Identifying, Recruiting, and Engaging stakeholders and sustaining their support for the duration of a project (programme) and beyond.

In each of these processes communication and access to information are important factors:

  • Identifying: Stakeholders with better access to and control of information will carry more influence. Informational meetings, workshops and the continual and transparent exchange of information can solicit and help sustain the support of peripheral stakeholders.
  • Recruiting: Effective stakeholder recruitment involves (UN 2001, p. 13): 3. Establishing effective methods of communication between stakeholders, donors and governments; 4. Ensuring a commitment to open communication and information sharing among all parties.
  • Engagement : Of the four levels of intensity of stakeholder engagement, the three more basic ones have an important information and communications component: (1) information gathering; (2) dissemination; and (3) Consultation "listening to the views of stakeholders in order to improve policy questions, or make necessary changes during implementation".
  • Sustained support requires attention to specific concerns and priorities of each local community and of key stakeholders, the analysis of interests and perceptions, local ownership, the building of social capital, training and workshops, government support, and the addressing of grievances.

Stakeholders in a multi-level social architecture

The journeys that must be supported in the partnership are countless. The Actor Atlas page on the multi-level social architecture proposes four kinds of journeys that are related to the level of scope of knowledge creation and decision making:

  • pico journeys of households and individual persons;
  • micro journeys of businesses and organizations;
  • meso journeys of sectors of the economy;
  • macro journeys of governance bodies with a local, over national to international extent.

The model below (see also page 25 of [2] [3]) briefly clarifies both the scope of each kind of journey, and the multiple relationships among the journeys.

Social architecture: journeys and relationships among stakeholders at multiple socio-technical levels

#tagcoding and #tag2wiki [2] [3] are enablers for Recruiting, Engagement and Sustained support of these multiple actors within global to local scopes [4].

1. Franke, V., Guidero, A.: Engaging local stakeholders: A conceptual model for effective Donor-Community collaboration - literature review and concept paper. Tech. rep., Institute for Homeland Security Solutions. ( Aug. 2012, url).
2. Goossenaerts, J.: #tagcoding handbook - Structured hashtags for an accelerated localization of knowledge for sustainable development. Leanpub (October 2018, url).
3. Goossenaerts, J., Chenais, G. : Manuel de #tagcodage - Hashtags structurés pour une localisation accélérée des connaissances au service du développement durable. Leanpub (May 2019, url).
4. Level of scope, a page in the Ens Dictionary.


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